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The number of aircraft built by The Sentinel Aircraft Company is unknown and they apparently went out of business prior to The L-5E on display was manufactured in It is painted in United States Marine Corps.


OY-1 colors. The C is one of the best known transports of all time. General Dwight D. Douglas made several improvements to the early DC series culminating with the DC An astrodome was added on the upper fuselage, just aft of the cockpit for celestial navigation. The personnel door on the left side was made much larger to accommodate cargo loading.

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The door is split into three sections with the main two opening as a clamshell door. The third door, which is part of the forward door, can be opened to provide access for personnel via an air-stair, similar to an airliner door. The door is large enough to accommodate a complete Jeep with trailer or a 37MM anti-tank gun. The comfortable airline seating was also replaced with twenty-eight folding metal seats that were installed against the fuselage sides.

Seven Unsung Hero Fighter Pilots Who Saved This Day- December 7th 1941

Many C aircraft had their tail cone removed and were fitted with a glider-towing hook, to facilitate towing troop carrying gliders like the Waco CG-4 used in the D-Day Invasion. The Army was not the only service to see the usefulness of this wonderful aircraft; the US Navy and Marine Corps used the aircraft, under the designation R4D. At the end of World War II, more than 10, aircraft including all types and designations had been built.

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The aircraft operated from every continent in the world and participated in every major battle. The design was so successful that many C aircraft remained in US service through the Korea n and Vietnam wars. Many C aircraft, including the one on display were sold after World War II and put into civilian service as airliners and cargo aircraft.

It is painted in D-Day military transport colors. As such, it proved itself a formidable dogfighter at altitudes below 13, feet. The Yak-3 grew out of an effort to produce a lighter, lower-drag version of the Yak-1 fighter already in production. Design work began in , but the program was held back by delays with the newly developed Kimlov VK engine plus the need to build the maximum number of Yak-1s.

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  • The first Yak-3 prototype, a combination of a new wing design mated to a Yak-1M fuselage, with additional modifications, finally took to the air in mid The design was so successful that over 4, Yak-3s had been produced by mid It was used predominantly in a tactical role, flying low over battlefields and engaging enemy aircraft below 13, feet. With its high power-to-weight ratio, it was easily able to out-climb and out-turn its German adversaries, the Messerschmidt Bf and Focke-Wulf FW, making it one of the most formidable dogfighters of the war.

    The Yak-3M on display, serial no. Equipped with no weaponry other than the firearms carried by their crews and fitted with no protective armor plating, the Grasshoppers were easy targets for enemy ground fire or enemy aircraft. As a result, L-Bird pilots were considered among the bravest pilots of the war. They continued to bring back vital information despite their vulnerable position. The first military version of the famous J-3 Cub was known as the O, and it entered service in September In the field, the L-4 proved to be remarkably adaptable. Some L-4s were fitted with bomb shackles modified to hold 10 hand grenades which were released by pulling a cable from the cockpit.

    One such equipped L-4 was credited with destroying five German tanks! Navy and the Royal Air Force also used the L In the U. The NE-ls were stock J-3s taken from Piper's inventory and pressed into service as primary trainers. The HE and AE-1 s were used as aerial ambulances. L-4s proved easy to use at sea. L-4s launched from aircraft carrier decks or from specially modified LSTs Landing Ship Tank were used during the invasions of North Africa and Italy to direct artillery fire. Army in and assigned to a number of military units as well as a Civil Air Patrol unit in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It is painted in a scheme worn by reconnaissance L-4s during the D-Day invasion of Normandy.

    The success of American air power in World War II was based on two main factors: the quality of American aircraft used during the war, and more importantly, the quality of American pilots who flew those planes into combat. The Fairchild PT Cornell was one of a handful of primary trainer designs that were the first stop on a cadet's way to becoming a combat pilot. Thiebolt rose to this challenge and set to work designing the M Fairchild's designation for the PT The M was fitted with a Ranger in-line engine giving the design a very narrow frontal area. The plane's low wing allowed for a widely spaced fixed landing gear which guarded against ground accidents.

    The PT's steel tubing frame and plywood sheathed wing and tail structures were light, strong and easy to care for; although the wings were susceptible to rotting in wet climates. Army's primary trainer. Little more than a year later, 12 PTs a week rolled out of Fairchild's Haggerstown, Maryland factory. Louis Aircraft, and Aeronca also began constructing PTs under license. Soon PT airframes were produced faster than Ranger could build engines for them, and Fairchild began fitting Continental radial engines to PT frames, calling the new aircraft the PT Fairchild developed a nearly identical variant of the PT, the PT, for the Royal Canadian Air Force that featured fully enclosed cockpits to help combat the cold Canadian climate.

    The improvements included a completely redesigned tail assembly for better ground handling and single engine performance. Fuel capacity was increased from 1, US gallons in the PV-1 to 1, US gallons by the installation of integrated fuel. The first flight came on December 3, , and deliveries began in March A serious problem was discovered with the integrated wing fuel tanks: the wings wrinkled and the tanks leaked.

    A complete redesign of the wing was necessitated and delayed entry of the PV-2 into service.

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    The remaining aircraft were produced with standard self-sealing tanks inside the wings. The combat use of the Harpoon by the Navy was fairly brief, and was cut short by the end of the war in the Pacific. The Navy continued to use the Harpoon until when the last PV-2 was retired from service. Their load carrying ability and fast speed made them ideal for the purpose. It was not until the summer of that the USAAC asked the light plane industry for some lightweight planes for utility and liaison work.

    The Aeronca L-3 began its military career in as the O, the military version of the civilian Model 65 Defender. The L-3 had tandem seating for two, and the rear seat was arranged to allow the observer to sit facing either forward or backwards, depending on the mission. The L-3s were usually equipped with two-way radios and could perform many duties including artillery direction, courier service, front line liaison and pilot training.

    In , when the military glider pilot training program was accelerated, an O was modified into a three-person glider. The engine was removed and the cabin was extended forward for a third occupant. Aeronca built of these gliders and designated them TG-5's. These aircraft played an integral part in the training of the A merican glider pilots who would later make assault landings during the D-Day invasion in Normandy.

    In October , it was dropped from the inventory as surplus and sold. Its simple construction, rugged dependability and nimble handling made the Stearman much loved by those who flew and trained on it. Sold by the thousands after World War II, the Stearman has had a long and full career as a trainer, crop duster and air show performer.

    Navy's primary trainer. At a time when biplanes were becoming a thing of the past, the Model 70 offered the fledgling pilot a steady and sturdy steed. Designed and built in only 60 days, the prototype Model 70 could withstand load factors much higher than were expected to occur in normal flight training.

    Army and Navy tested the prototype in At the conclusion of these tests, the Navy ordered the aircraft while the Army decided to wait for the introduction of the improved Model 75 appearing in Over the next decade, the Army received nearly 8, Stearmans in five different variants. Navy took delivery of their first Stearman called the NS-1 in Powered with the obsolete but readily available Wright R engine, the NS-1 proved its worth as a primary trainer.

    The Navy purchased several thousand of an improved model, the N2S. The N2S was built in five sub-variants, each variant being equipped with a different model engine. Additionally, the Canadian armed forces took delivery of PTs, a winterized version of the PT A later, more powerful version of the Stearman, the Model 76, was purchased by Argentina, Brazil and the Philippines. The Model 76 featured wing mounted. These aircraft were used as light attack or reconnaissance aircraft.

    These more powerful Stearmans are also commonly used for wing-walking or aerobatic routines at air shows.

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    It was converted to a "C" model by the addition of an electrical system, lighting, extra instruments and an instrument hood for flight by reference to instruments, training in the rear cockpit. In June it was transferred to Oxnard Field California where it served as a primary trainer. In June it was transferred to Lancaster. In March it was transferred to Las Vegas. In July it was transferred to Reno Nevada and discharged from military service. From to , served as a training aid for aviation mechanic students at Los Angeles Community College. In after a 4 year restoration, once again took to the sky over California.

    Stearman was added to the Cavanaugh Flight Museum collection in and can routinely be seen in the sky over North Dallas. Hitler's armies and air force, the famous Luftwaffe, began their conquest of western Europe on April 9, , following their victory over Poland in Hitler's new style of fighting, the Blitzkrieg lightning war , staggered the Allied defenses.

    It was the backbone of the German fighter command and ruled the skies over Europe from to , as Hitler spread his empire over the continent. The Mes earned the respect of Germany's enemies in every theater of conflict and were greatly feared by Allied bomber crews during the later half of the war. Designed by Professor Willy Messerschmitt in , the Bf. This prototype was powered by a Rolls-Royce Kestrel in-line engine because the engine that the Bf.

    The Me was a formidable opponent for the early marks of Spitfire; its low speed handling qualities were excellent and its rate of climb matched the Spitfire. Moreover, it had a higher service ceiling and it had one other major advantage - fuel injection. This allowed the Me's powerplant to run flawlessly regardless of the aircraft's attitude, unlike the Rolls-Royce engines of early Spitfires, which cut out at the slightest suggestion of negative G. The Messerschmitt had its vices, too: the cockpit was very small, the heavily framed canopy restricted the pilot's field of view and the plane's narrow undercarriage made it extremely prone to ground accidents.

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    Many of the 33, Mes produced were lost in ground accidents. The Cavanaugh Flight Museum's Me was built in Germany in and shipped to Spain that same year as part of an agreement for the licensed production of Me-l09s there.